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Glossary of terms for CBD and other Cannabinoids

Glossary of terms for CBD and other Cannabinoids

We are here to make things as easy as possible for visitors of Hempanion to learn everything they need to and want to know. That is why we have created this Glossary for CBD and all the other cannabinoids. Like a cheat sheet for cannabis/hemp.

This guide will be ever evolving, so if there is anything we have missed then please let us know and we will be happy to help and also add it to the guide for others to view.

So let’s get started.


Short for Cannabidiol, a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis that is nonpsychoactive(doesn’t get you high) and shows good promise for medical benefits. It is usually the second most prominent cannabinoid after THC.


Hemp is Cannabis Sativa L. just like the stuff that gets you high. Hemp is the term for the industrial crop that has very little THC and is great for many things. You can read our full guide on hemp here.

Cannabis Sativa L.

Cannabis sativa is a species of plant in the cannabis genus that includes the hemp and marijuana of today.


THC stands for Tetrahydrocannabinol, much easier to say THC! It is the phytocannabinoid that is responsible for getting you high and is usually the most abundant in recreational marijuana.

Phytocannabinoid or just Cannabinoid

A term for the Cannabinoids found in the Cannabis plant like THC, CBD, CBN, CBG etc.. There are over 80 known cannabinoids in cannabis.


Terpenes are found in a lot of plants and fruits, not just cannabis. they are responsible for the aroma, flavour and smell of the item, they also can have other benefits to you. Mangos are high in terpenes.

CO2 Extraction

This is a method of using supercritical CO2 to extract concentrated plant matter from cannabis. We have a full guide on CO2 extraction here if you want to learn more.

Alcohol or Butane Extraction

These are other methods of extracting plant matter from cannabis, full guide coming soon.


Bioavailability is the amount that your body absorbs the cannabinoids into your bloodstream. Different methods of ingesting CBD will affect the bioavailability of the substance. For instance, sublingual drops make more use of the oil than if you were to eat the same amount of CBD in a cookie. Full article on bioavailability and why you should know it here.


Sublingual means under the tongue, so when you are told to take an oil sublingually you would want to drop it under your tongue and hold it for 60-90 seconds to absorb into your blood before swallowing.

Entourage Effect

Refers to the idea that biologically active compounds can have enhanced biological activity when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds as opposed to isolated active compounds administered alone. In other words, taking all the cannabinoids rather than isolation one seems to have a greater effect all around.

Full Spectrum or Broad Spectrum

This refers to having a large range of cannabinoids in a product which enables the entourage effect.


This is when one cannabinoid is isolated, most commonly CBD or THC.


Cannabis tinctures are alcohol-extracted cannabis products. The cannabis liquid tincture contains high levels of cannabinoids and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that have been leached out into alcohol to form a liquid.

However, nowadays the term is often used for any cannabis liquid extract.


This refers to the strength of the cannabinoids in the product. This can be confusing as different brands show their strengths differently. That’s why on Hempanion we have worked out the percentage of every in the shop so you can compare easily.

Endocannabinoid System

The endocannabinoid system is present in all humans and many animals as well. This system consists of a series of receptors configured only to accept cannabinoids. The ECS regulates all sorts of bodily processes and is the reason that we respond to cannabinoids.

CB1 Cannabis Receptor

The CB1 receptors are responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis. They are mainly in the brain (central nervous system or “CNS”). But also in the lungs, liver and kidneys.

CB Cannabis Receptor

The CB2 receptors are mainly in the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord). When cannabinoids activate receptors CB1 and CB2, they change the way the body functions.

CBD E-liquid

This is E-liquids like any other but they are infused with cannabinoids and give you the benefit of them while vaping.

Cannabis Oil

A term for an oil based(often coconut oil or hemp seed oil) plant extract with cannabinoids that you would usually take sublingually or in some food. They can be isolates of CBD or THC or Full spectrum, the works.


A term for taking a very small dosage over time, the effect is often unnoticed at first but over time it proves effective.


I hope this was useful, If you have any questions or anything to add then please do let us know in the comments, chat or any of our social media channels.

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